Bridging the Gap in Knowledge Deficit in Type-2 Diabetes among Hmong Americans

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Vang, Khoua
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Research Subject Categories::INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS::Caring sciences::Nursing , Emigrants and Immigrants , Quality of Life , Patient Education , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
The Hmong from Laos are among the most recent groups to seek refuge in the United States, with Catawba County of North Carolina becoming home to the fourth-largest Hmong resettlement. However, in adopting the western lifestyle, their traditional meals are being frequently replaced by fast food, and this has led to a higher percentage of persons with at-risk body mass index (BMI) and therefore an increased risk for diabetes among the Hmong Americans. Their current at-risk BMI prevalence is higher than Caucasian Americans and other Asian Americans. There is a lack of diabetes education and support programs for this English as a Second Language (ESL) population. To improve their quality of life and provide them with the necessary support and education required to prevent the complications associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), a culturally dynamic Hmong diabetes self-management and support program was designed. The results reveal that after participating in the program, the participants’ diabetic knowledge improved, and they had fewer unhealthy days than before program implementation.