Length of Labor with Induced and Spontaneous Labor

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Patterson, Hannah
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The purpose of this research study was to determine if there is a difference between length of labor for women with spontaneous labor and women with induced labor. This topic is significant because educated decisions can be made to prevent and treat prolonged labor. Length of labor varies, and prolonged labor can be associated with maternal and fetal complications. Preventing and treating prolonged labor decreases the risk of complications for the mother and baby. Examining the correlation between type of labor and length of labor adds to the body of knowledge for nursing. This knowledge allows nurses to educate women on interventions for decreasing length of labor. Educating laboring women is important for nurses so that the best outcome can be reached during the birth process. The study examined 30 induced and 30 spontaneous labors using a retrospective chart review. An independent t test was conducted to determine if there was a difference in length of labor for spontaneous versus induced labors. Results determined there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups for the present study (t = -2.630, p = 0.011). An incidental finding was identified from the study. There was a statistically significant relationship between age and parity (r = 0.359, p = 0.005). This finding suggests that parity increases as age increases. These findings allow nurses to help laboring women weigh the risks and benefits of interventions like oxytocin administration to improve birth outcomes and satisfaction.