A Therapeutic Intervention to Improve Depression, Loneliness and Psychological Well-Being in Elderly Assisted Living Residents

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Manning, Oksana
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Research Subject Categories::INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS::Caring sciences::Nursing , Art Therapy , Aged , Quality of Life
Background: As the US population continues to age and people move to nursing homes, interventions are needed to help prevent depression and loneliness that affect quality of life. Art therapy offers a broad range of activities that promote connectedness among assisted living residents. Research has shown that coloring mandala patterns in a group is beneficial in terms of social collaboration and engagement than individual activity. Purpose: The purpose of this DNP project was to determine if group mandala coloring sessions would affect depression, loneliness and well-being of the elderly assisted living residents. Methods: Residents’ loneliness, depression and well-being were measured with three easy-to-administer and publicly available scales pre- and post- intervention. Results: The general findings demonstrated that residents of this AL facility had symptoms of depression and loneliness as well as decreased well-being scores. The mandala coloring sessions positively affected the scores for depression but did not significantly influence loneliness and well-being in the elderly AL residents. The participants enjoyed the activity that promoted communication, socialization, and creativity.