Comparison of Length of Time on the Ventilator in Men and Women With a Diagnosis of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

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Smith, Kara
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The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a difference between time on mechanical ventilation for men versus women diagnosed with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The importance of this research was to determine if there was an additional need for interventions or resources for one gender over the other when given the diagnosis of COPD. Also, this research study will help guide healthcare providers in the approach of aggressive treatment for COPD patients with a gender focus. This study was completed using a retrospective chart review. Data was collected at an acute care facility located in Western North Carolina. The Institutional Review Board of Lenoir-Rhyne University and the acute care facility approved the completion of this research project. The primary investigator completed the Protecting Human Research Participants online training as part of the process of requirements involving human subjects. The data collected included gender, age, and time spent on mechanical ventilation. Sixty participants were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thirty men (50%) and thirty women (50%) created the sample for this research study. The study showed no significant evidence that men or women were on the ventilator longer when they were diagnosed with COPD. The t-test results were t = -1.056 and p = 0.457, which shows that men do not spend longer on the ventilator when compared to women and vice versa. However, the data did show that the average time on the ventilator for women was longer than the time on the ventilator for men. The average length of time for men on the ventilator was 3.167 days (SD = 4.037) while the average time on the ventilator for women was 4.23 days (SD = 3.79).