Nursing

Permanent URI for this collection

Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 12
  • Item
    The Effects of Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy on Newborn Weight
    (2024-05-07) Caldwell, Addison
    Smoking is known to wreak havoc on the human body and has been established as a health and pregnancy risk factor for decades (Centers for Disease Control [CDC], 2023). Smoking during pregnancy has been proven to increase the risk of adverse outcomes to both mother and child. The CDC describes these outcomes, such as delayed fetal development, premature birth, birth defects, and abnormal bleeding during delivery (2023). This study investigated the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and newborn weight. Research was conducted via a retrospective chart review of 60 mothers admitted to the labor and delivery unit of an acute care facility in western North Carolina along with each mothers’ newborn. The mothers included in this study were ages 18 to 35 with 50% having smoked during pregnancy and 50% that did not.
  • Item
    Relationship Between Time Under Anesthesia and Length of Stay in Hospital
    (2024-05-06) Falowski, Chloe
    The purpose of this question, “Is there a relationship between the time under anesthesia during an orthopedic surgery and the length of time post-operatively spent in the hospital?”, is to examine the impact of anesthesia on adults over the age of 18 that have undergone anesthesia during orthopedic surgery . This retrospective chart review and supporting reviews of numerous research articles assisted to acknowledge the importance of the relationship between surgical procedures on recovery time and discharge. The findings demonstrated an inverse relationship between the time under anesthesia during an orthopedic surgery and the length of hospital stay. However, there was a statistically significant relationship between age and length of stay in the hospital. Some factors that may have skewed the results of this study include, how many surgeries were examined and the two different types of anesthesia. The conclusion of this research will potentially inspire the implementation of interventions for older adults undergoing orthopedic surgery.
  • Item
    Length of Hospital Stay for Smokers and Nonsmokers
    (2024-05-03) Scott, Matthew
    This research investigates the impact of smoking on the length of hospital stays for cardiac surgical patients. The study is a retrospective chart review of 60 individuals equally divided between smokers and non-smokers. Contrary to some existing literature, the findings revealed no statistically significant difference in the length of hospital stays between the two groups (t = 0.886, p = 0.190). The average hospital stay for the entire sample was approximately 10 days, highlighting the complex nature of postoperative recovery. The study's limitations, including a small sample size and specific demographic characteristics, underscore the need for caution in generalizing these results. Recommendations for future research emphasize the importance of larger, more diverse samples, exploration of additional influencing factors, and including the changing landscape of smoking. This research underscores the complexity of surgical recovery and offers valuable insights to enhance nursing practice.
  • Item
    The Difference Between Apgar Scores of Infants Born to Substance Abuse Positive Mothers versus Mothers Without Substance Abuse
    (2024-05-03) DeCosta, Samantha
    The purpose of this study determined there was a difference in Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes of those using substances and those not using substances. The study examined factors like maternal age, gestational age, and infant gender for their relationship to Apgar scores. A retrospective chart review of data from a labor and delivery unit at an acute care facility in western North Carolina was conducted. The findings showed no statistically significant difference (t=-1.425, p=.059) in 1-minute Apgar scores between infants exposed to substances during pregnancy and those not exposed. However, the 1-minute Apgar scores trended higher for infants not exposed to substances. Similarly, there was no statistically significant difference (t=.677, p=.099) in 5-minute Apgar scores between infants of mothers who used substances during pregnancy and those who did not use substances during pregnancy. One additional finding that was found was that mothers who were younger were more likely to use substances while mothers over the age of 30 were less likely to use substances.
  • Item
    Gender and Myocardial Infarction Treatment
    (2024-05-01) Durell, Zoe
    Door to balloon time (DTB) is a measurement of time between entry to the hospital and receiving a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A myocardial infarction is also known as a heart attack and occurs when coronary arteries are blocked causing a decrease in blood flow. By knowing the different signs of a myocardial infarction in men and women, healthcare workers can identify and treat patients faster and more efficiently.